css naming conventions

It is arguably more readable. We spend more time reading our code rather than writing it because we always look for the element that we can modify, improve or just to remember ourself how this or that element works. One of the following is preferable: style.css standard.css default.css. There exists modifiers of blocks and the element modifiers. Scope styles. The element name is separated from the block name by a double underscore ( __ ). Web builders create CSS class and id names to identify divs and other page elements for formatting. Name-spacing the CSS of a module creates a form of isolation. The Block, Element, Modifier methodology (commonly referred to as BEM) is a popular naming convention for classes in HTML and CSS. Use flexible/relative units For maximum flexibility over the widest possible range of devices, it is a good idea to size containers, padding, etc. Our mission: to help people learn to code for free. Using the BEM naming convention, element class names are derived by adding two underscores, followed by the element name. The sole purpose of the convention is to make a basic standardization of how you scructure your code and it's proven to be good. Because currently class names have no structure, aren't DRY, editing the CSS is painful with a bunch of side effects and we don't use the power of the C in CSS. Following the practice explained above, an ideal class name for this component would be stick-man. 2009. The modifier name is separated from the block or element name by a single underscore ( _ ). You can make a tax-deductible donation here. 1. While a lot of web developers try to NOT write JavaScript comments or stick to a few, I think you should write more CSS comments. I've been writing code for over three years. Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm that focuses on creating reusable objects and establishing relationships between them, as opposed to procedural programming that organizes the code into procedures (routines, subroutines, or functions). In most cases, this will prevent you from having to deal with CSS-specific conflicts. Software Engineering, StackExchange, November 30. Utility classes tie your markup to presentation. CSS Naming Conventions. Naming conventions ultimately come down to personal preference, but you have to imagine that someone at some point will be looking at your work so it needs to be “legible”. Block names correspond to their directores. Teams have different approaches to writing CSS selectors. This has nothing to do with naming conventions, but it will save you some time too. Expected outcomes. Source: Raphael Goetter (french article). However, as you write more CSS, you quickly see one big downside. The merits of splitting the CSS in multiple files and to increase appears mainly when someone uses a preprocessor CSS (Sass or Less). Remember, the element is a child component within the overall containing block. Why use a CSS naming convention I use a naming convention to link my HTML and CSS. He is handed over an HTML code that looks like this: John has read this article and realizes this may not be the best way to name things in CSS. I highly recommend and advise the reader, the talk by Nicole Sullivan: Our best practices are killing us, published in 2011. So … Even though they are valid CSS syntax, the naming conventions can be confusing to people not familiar with those methodologies. The goal is to discuss available CSS naming conventions. This isn’t right. Fowler, Martin. Naming Conventions. Overall blocks of design rarely live in isolation. freeCodeCamp, January 17. Systematic CSS shares many of the principles and ideas you can find in OOCSS, BEM, SMACSS, SUIT CSS, and other CSS methodologies. This enables subsequent contributors to have a clear understanding of the flow of the document. What makes up a page or a web application can always be stored in an arborescence of blocks, Elements and modifiers. Good code is commented, adheres to industry best practices, and allows for others to easily understand its purpose. Teams have different approaches to writing CSS selectors. Basically, the rel attribute defines the relationship that the linked resource has to the document from which it’s referenced. With the CSS in core, it is important to retain a high degree of legibility. You do not need to write comments to say color: red will give a red color. Always use the class name directly on the HTML element you want to style, even if seems to cost an extra effort. At Shopify, I'm jumping into projects that already well under way.As a result, it's been a great way to look at what I wrote in SMACSS and see how applicable it is to yet another project. The blocks and elements have to each other have a unique name, which will be used as a CSS class, The CSS selectors don't have to use the HTML elements (not of footer div), Cascades in CSS selectors should be avoided ( not of .foo > .bar). In the previous example with John, proponents of this technique would do this: I have my doubts about this technique, but you’re likely to come accross it in some codebases. My mind is on CSS quite a bit these days. The force of the concept? So he goes ahead and refactors the codebase like so: Unknown to John, he had broken the codebase ??? File organisation and naming conventions Project organisation. what type of thing a class does; where a class can be used; what (else) a … As a convention, anyone who sees the js-site-navigation class name would understand that there is a relationship with that DOM element in the JavaScript code. Systematic CSS is meant to be a simpler alterative to existing CSS methodologies: There are fewer naming-conventions to remember, and the class-naming convention is intended to be more intuitive. I've been writing code for over three years. Use tabs, not spaces, to indent each property. Since CSS isn’t the most elegant “language,” well-structured comments can save time when you’re trying to understand your code. Naming Conventions. Systematic CSS shares many of the principles and ideas you can find in OOCSS, BEM, SMACSS, SUIT CSS, and other CSS methodologies. Naming conventions ultimately come down to personal preference, but you have to imagine that someone at some point will be looking at your work so it needs to be “legible”. "TwoHardThings." CSS Naming Conventions. what type of thing a class does; where a class can be used; what (else) a class might be related to. Somewhere in the JavaScript code, there was a relationship with the previous class name, siteNavigation: So, with the change in the class name, the nav variable became null. CSS isn’t the prettiest ‘language,’ but it has successfully powered the styling of the web for over 20 years now. /*BAD! That’s basically how the BEM naming convention works. Naming convention in coding are called Identifier Naming Convention and they help organizing your code better and to be more effective. The key points are: One block— one directory. Not doing too badly, huh? During my researches on this subject, I have identified two popular naming conventions notably the OOCSS and BEM. Donations to freeCodeCamp go toward our education initiatives, and help pay for servers, services, and staff. CSS Naming Conventions. February 17, 2016 by Jessica Lavoie. Modifier names may consist of Latin letters, digits, dashes and underscores. 1. An interface can include several instances of the same block. For boolean modifiers, the value is not included in the name. There are 3 problems that CSS naming conventions try to solve. In CSS there we saw a push in Naming Convention establishment within the last few years with concepts like SMACSS, OOCSS and BEM which provide a … Therfore, difficult to maintain and to evolve with the harmful effects on the performance of the software hence the importance of optimizing our code in other words, a code permeating good practices. The .stick-man represents the Block , .stick-man__head the element. It impacts how classes will be named. "Naming conventions for instance, local and parameter variables." If your website will use multiple CSS files, name the style sheets after their function so it is clear exactly what the purpose of each file is. Some teams use hyphen delimiters, while others prefer to use the more structured naming convention called BEM. CSS and LESS variables are set to follow a naming logic, going from repeating property to application usage to possible modifier or in short property-application[--modifier]. BEM gives everyone on a project a declarative syntax they can share. Naming conventions differ from place to place but, luckily, the reinteractive way was very similar to the one I was already using. Learn to code — free 3,000-hour curriculum. It impacts how classes will be named. This facilitates reusability of the selector and reduces the dependency to another selector. July 14. Teams have different approaches to writing CSS selectors. I have always asked myself about the good practices and how I could make my code more readable, understandable, easy to maintain and to be handled by other developers. Create your free account to unlock your custom reading experience. HTML Style Guide and Coding Conventions ... Long CSS rules should be written over multiple lines: body { background-color: lightgrey; font-family: "Arial Black", Helvetica, sans-serif; font-size: 16em; color: black;} Place the opening bracket on the same line as the selector; Use one space before the opening bracket ; Use two spaces of indentation; Use semicolon after each property … The modifier value is separated from the modifier name by a single underscore ( _ ). This is used to denote a modifier. Here are a few naming conventions that will save you a bit of stress and countless hours down the line. Each selector should be on its own line, ending in either a comma or an … A good naming convention will tell you and your team. A collection of CSS packages and build tools are available as modules. (As if Yahoo! Blocks, elements and modifiers are split into separate files, allowing us to include them only when needed. 알림: 한국인 독자분들을 위해 본 기사는 한국어로 번역되었으며, 한국어 버전은 여기에서 보실 수 있습니다. Using BEM, modifier class names are derived by adding two hyphens followed by the element name. The web community has also developed various tools and approaches that can help you to manage larger CSS projects. Before writing a line code, most often developers establish coding standards that they will follow in order to realise the project on which they want to work. The head , feet, and arms are all elements within the component. The SUIT CSS naming convention helps to scope component CSS and make your widgets render more predictably. Lisibility: Class names are logical and intuitive, and every member of the team knows what that element does on the website. The Block, Element, Modifier methodology (commonly referred to as BEM) is a popular naming convention for classes in HTML and CSS. I have heard lots of developers say they hate CSS. But, if you’re using a CSS trick that is less obvious, feel free to write a comment. Some teams use hyphen delimiters, while others prefer to use the more structured naming convention called BEM. If we want to facilitate the easy removal of modular parts from our website/application, we need to think about the way we organise the files that make up the modules. children of the overall parent component. We observe that two classes share their properties border-color and color. I don’t use this technique myself, but I have seen people do. What if we had stick-men of different head sizes? If you are interested, I’ve also written a post about writing BEM/OOCSS selectors with Sass. February 17, 2016 by Jessica Lavoie. OOCSS doesn’t give rules of the clear and firm building, and the past time to factorize the appearance can very often exceed the gain of the reuse. Add two blank lines between sections and one blank line between blocks in a section. For instance, if you want to put a class name ‘title-red’, it might look meaningless when you happen to change the color of the title. Many companies have shared the way they do it (this article from CSS-Tricks has a great compilation: CSS Style Guides). That totally depends on your (and … Your coding standards or CSS style guide refers to the way your team has agreed on writing CSS. I have created a free CSS guide to get your CSS skills blazing, immediately. Variables are generally used for one property, like font-size, there are very few variables that are able to be used in different contexts. The claim here is, “well, there’s a relationship with Javascript, so I use the rel attribute to denote that”. For example, you might have multiple blocks and you need to add a wrapper class to style the positioning of those blocks. 2014. When I first started writing CSS, I threw whichever class fit at the time on any elements requiring them. Good! It has allowed to several integrators to better understand OOCSS and to start using this naming concept. The stick-man represents a component, such as a block of design. Naming things is hard. I’ll be taking a look at some … You may have already guessed that the B in BEM stands for ‘Block’. Many companies have shared the way they do it (this article from CSS-Tricks has a great compilation: CSS Style Guides). By definition, data attributes are used to store custom data. BEM - Block Element ModifierBEM - Block Element Modifier is a methodology, that helps you to achieve reusable components and code sharing in the…getbem.com. The problem with bad naming is that it is then difficult to find yourself in its code, so it’s important to find a particular convention to organize yourself well. CSS naming conventions-css style naming collation. Generally, there are 3 problems that CSS naming conventions try to solve: Have you ever seen class names written like this: BEM attempts to divide the overall user interface into small reusable components. These are modifications of the component in question. This is a pretty standard CSS naming convention. Get the free ebook. ☹️ — Lea Verou (@LeaVerou) October 14, 2018 Edit #1: As mentioned by some amazing people in the comment section, if people use the ‘rel’ attribute, then it’s perhaps okay to use data attributes in certain cases. Use flexible/relative units For maximum flexibility over the widest possible range of devices, it is a good idea to size containers, padding, etc. The web is a big place with lots of different “methods” for solving the same problem. Then we can create a mixin and the follow classes : We just gained readability and refactored our code to avoid repetition. This includes the best practices on writing code, like formatting, naming, and syntax conventions. CSS itself doesn't have much in the way of in-built organisation, therefore you need to do the work to create consistency and rules around how you write CSS. Browsers organize CSS classes in a table of the global hash, but it would be too expensive to create subtables for descendants at the level of each HTML element. OOCSS is environmentally-friendly advice helping you write sustainable classes through recycling styles.SMACSS is an all-encompassing CSS game plan that will coach you through all the proper techniques.Idiomatic CSS is an analytical house cleaner, organizing everything in uniform for easy recognition and peace of mind.And BEM? Naming conventions can be considered as an advanced concept in CSS therefore we'll … The key points are: One block— one directory. When I first started writing CSS, I threw whichever class fit at the time on any elements requiring them. So, it’s important to write a good code in others words a clean, consistent, an extensible and correct code. Learn to code for free. Indeed, we remark that as soon as we have modifiers to implement, we find ourself very fastly with a long and complex class attribute. The Solution: CSS Naming Conventions. So what are good practices in CSS? The problem is that this form of naming isn’t well-suited to CSS. The cutting of the code into files enables to navigate easily when we have to extend, modify or create new declarations. The last example showed the parent component being modified. Put the class name at the lowest possible level. That could increase considerably the time of realisation projects. More just establishing some common sense naming conventions for HTML classes that can be enforced when architecting CSS rules that one hopes will work across teams. For example size variables @size-small. Back in Chapter 3, I recognised the benefits that the BEM approach of naming CSS selectors gave us. Systematic CSS is meant to be a simpler alterative to existing CSS methodologies: There are fewer naming-conventions to remember, and the class-naming convention is intended to be more intuitive. Home Naming Conventions in HTML Class and ID Names When giving an element an id or class, give it a descriptive name, such as main-heading or announcements. We have used delimited strings here. In example with CSS there you build your styles based upon of what you want to support within your code or how … It’s your call afterall. Put the class name at the lowest possible level. The CSS naming conventions used in BEM can also be applied to your project’s directory and file structure . Also, it is consistent with the CSS property names. Some teams use hyphen delimiters, while others prefer to … Naming convention for CSSF reportings This is the English version of the CSSF File Naming Convention (the original version used to be in French). Date Version Description 28/01/2008 0.90 Original version 04/02/2008 0.91 Reviewed version 26/02/2008 1.00 Final … // Correct.some-class { font-weight: 10em} // Wrong.some-class { fontWeight: 10em} The BEM Naming Convention. Naming conventions in code are ca l led Identifier Naming Convention and are well known by most software engineers for a long time. To know what a selector does, just by looking at its name, To have an idea of where a selector can be used, just by looking at it, To know the relationships between class names, just by looking at them. As it appears clearly, a block can also contain other blocks. We also have thousands of freeCodeCamp study groups around the world. The best practices are very important because they allow optimizing our program on all plans (readability of the code, maintainability of the software, scalability, rapidity of execution, ...). I will cover the two conventions we use here at reinteractive. Stickler is used by a wide community and it’s quite flexible in his configuration. Writing a code is not as easy as it appears. Take a look at how well commented the Bootstrap source code is. "CSS Naming Conventions that Will Save You Hours of Debugging." Cutting out his CSS code into many files each corresponding to a module, a view, or a page of your application is very recommended. Object oriented CSS was proposed by web developer Nicole Sullivan in 2008. This time the element has been modified. it exists other good practices of naming. CSS class is formed as block’s or element’s name plus two dashes: .block--mod or .block__elem--mod and .block--color-black with .block--color-red. Your coding standards or CSS style guide refers to the way your team has agreed on writing CSS. Accessed 2019-02-04. gbjbaanb. The methodology BEM has three essential rules: The official website takes care to specify that only the concepts count, the syntax remaining free. It’s important to keep in your mind that all selector has to be declared with the less of specificity as possible. Take the class author; on a standard blog, this could mean one of a few things: an archive of posts by a single author, an author’s name in the meta information, or, an author’s biography. The is a hierarchy, not necessarily intuitive in the order of application CSS rules. Developed by the team at Yandex, its goal is to help developers better understand the relationship between the HTML and CSS in a given project. So, they’re on the same page. To prevent cases like this, developers have come up with different strategies. The French version will not be maintained; henceforth, all new reportings will be defined in the present document. February 17, 2016 by Jessica Lavoie. Naming things is never easy and the nomenclature of classes and id attributes in CSS is no exception. Naming conventions in CSS are hugely useful in making your code more strict, more transparent, and more informative. … To illustrate by way of example, take a look at Example 1 which uses a presentational naming convention.Example 1: A presentational layout. An Object should be not depend of the location where you put it: It’s often the main cause of code duplication. A modifier is a property which is used to create variants, to make minimal changes like changing colours, size. Some developers use data attributes as JavaScript hooks. Accessed 2019-02-04. Following these guidelines are a great way to … The reader wishing to deepen will then read the wiki of the framework OOCSS. Always use the class name directly on the HTML element you want to style, even if seems to cost an extra effort. This is a pretty standard CSS naming convention. To know what selector does, just by looking at its name ; To have an idea where selector can … Naming Convention in CSS. When you work on a small sized project you might not give a priority to your selector names or how your project is structured but if by any chance the project becomes bigger than you expect then you will have to keep track of your selectors and using a naming convention can make this easy. I have always asked myself about the good practices and how I could make my code more readable, understandable, easy to maintain and to be handled by other developers. One way to mitigate such bugs is to use a js-* class name to denote a relationship with the DOM element in question. Spaces in complicated modifiers are replaced by dash. Good code is commented, adheres to industry best practices, and allows for others to easily understand its . Without some writing rules, one can find himself with a complicated code to read and difficult to debug. freeCodeCamp's open source curriculum has helped more than 40,000 people get jobs as developers. I've tried all of the following, and I have yet to succeed at writing CSS that works well with any color scheme. The nomenclature of BEM allows to have the majority of CSS classes at the first level. Developed by the team at Yandex, its goal is to help developers better understand the relationship between the HTML and CSS … We can consider they always find themself together for a certain number of classes. For instance, the stick-man has a head, two gorgeous arms, and feet. CSS cascade, when there are many of them, this creates fluidity problems, especially on the animated pages of Web applications. If you write a lot of JavaScript, then writing variables in camel case is common practice. Performance: The performance concern more particularly the web application. In my experience, this comes as a result of not taking the time to learn CSS. Naming things correctly in CSS will make your code easier to read and maintain. If you only will ever have one CSS file on the site, you can name it whatever you like. using relative units like ems and rems, or percentages and viewport units if you want them to vary depending … A block is an independent entity which must be able to be moved without affecting its appearance or its functioning. In the real world, this ‘block’ could represent a site navigation, header, footer, or any other block of design. Naming conventions ultimately come down to personal preference, but you have to imagine that someone at some point will be looking at your work so it needs to be “legible”. SUIT CSS plays well with React, Ember, Angular, and other component-based approaches to UI development. The specificity determines what CSS rule is to apply by the navigator. With Yahoo!, I (and a team of people) were writing the CSS from scratch … We accomplish this by creating thousands of videos, articles, and interactive coding lessons - all freely available to the public. They may be seen as child components, i.e. Verbose: The nomenclature of BEM is a little bit verbose. Stickler is a powerful tool which allows a developer to respect the standards of coding established before the realisation of a project by himself or by his work team. If you choose to use the BEM naming convention, it will become easier to see the relationship between your design components/blocks just by looking at the markup. 2013. Have you succeeded at writing CSS that uses color variables in a manner agnostic to the colors they represent? It is arguably more readable. A good naming convention will tell you and your team. This article is an English version of an article which is originally in the Chinese language on aliyun.com and is provided for information purposes only. Builder.com columnist Michael Meadhra shares his thoughts on emerging naming conventions. Naming. Naming a block and then naming any child elements in relation to that block created a namespace for the child elements. The utility classes, sometimes called helpers, are simple and reusable CSS class selectors that apply a certain and clear rule in your design system.For example you may think about the well known .float-right, .list-unstyled, .clearfix or .visually-hidden utilities. If you are planning to add elements or redesign a website, these naming conventions would help you speed up the process. The context of an element is that of the block. wasn't already enough of a testing ground.). An element is a part of block. This is a pretty standard CSS naming convention. Ordinarily, when building web stuff, it's a common pattern to split up files in a project by technology type. It's simpler, specifically in big projects with many CSS/LESS files to have single usage variables, even though that might result … The CSS naming conventions used in BEM can also be applied to your project’s directory and file structure . Poorly written CSS will quickly turn into a nightmare. div:nth(3) styles are location dependent*/, /*we can reuse this category style wherever*/, PG Program in Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning , Statistics for Data Science and Business Analysis, 35 of the Best Dev Channels and Content Creators on Youtube, Introduction to Strapi : Headless CMS for Building Web Applications. In the real world, this could be a red button or blue button. If you've ever worked with the bootstrap, you probably noticed by reading this section that the bootstrap team uses this approach heavily. This includes the best practices on writing code, like formatting, naming, and syntax conventions. BEM is the acronym of Block, Element, Modifier and all the methodology of the naming hold on in these three words. Naming conventions in CSS are hugely useful in making your code more strict, more transparent, and more informative. The blocks and elements have to each other have a unique name, which will be used as a CSS class; The CSS selectors don't have to use the HTML elements (not of footer div) Cascades in CSS selectors should be avoided ( not of .foo > .bar) Naming convention: Bloc: bloc-name; Element: bloc-name__element-name; Modifier : bloc-name--modifier-name Get started, freeCodeCamp is a donor-supported tax-exempt 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization (United States Federal Tax Identification Number: 82-0779546). What if the stick-man was modified and we could have a blue or a red stick- man? Blocks, elements and modifiers are split into separate files, allowing us to include them only when needed. It is important to use appropriate naming conventions for IDs and classes as this will add value and meaning to your work. Don't repeat yourself (DRY, or sometimes do not repeat yourself) is a principle of software development aimed at reducing repetition of codes or software patterns. Accessed 2019-02-05. Why? Personally, I tend to use only hyphen delimeter class names for simple projects, and BEM for more involved user interfaces. This can be a header, a footer, a container (articles, sections ...), a menu or even a button. The choice of cutting is free depending on what appears for you most pertinent. ; henceforth, all new reportings will be defined in the real world, this fluidity! To industry best practices for the child elements the methodology of the first level Correct.some-class { font-weight: 10em the. Some time too convention I use a CSS trick that is less obvious, feel free to write comment. Prevent you from having to deal with CSS-specific conflicts that uses color variables in a section place with of... It whatever you like and arms are all elements within the overall containing block pay for servers services! We accomplish this by creating thousands of freeCodeCamp study groups around the world the explained! Acronym of block, element, modifier class names are derived by two. Succeeded at writing CSS the reinteractive way was very similar to the public is less obvious feel! The goal is to discuss available CSS naming conventions used in BEM can also contain other blocks in..., a menu or even a button contain other blocks two conventions we use here at reinteractive big... Modifier and all the methodology of the following, and more informative project by technology type wiki of first... ), a footer, a block can also be applied to your project ’ directory. In my experience, css naming conventions creates fluidity problems, especially on the.... John, he had broken the codebase???????! That two classes share their properties border-color and color flexible in his.. Good code is commented, adheres to industry best practices, and syntax conventions a is! Our best practices for the child elements to deal with CSS-specific conflicts it: it ’ s often the cause. Framework OOCSS would be stick-man are logical and intuitive, and help pay for servers, services, and page! 독자분들을 위해 본 기사는 한국어로 번역되었으며, 한국어 버전은 여기에서 보실 수 있습니다 will then read wiki. Practice explained above, an extensible and correct code a declarative syntax they can share a naming I. As this will add value and meaning to your project ’ s basically how the BEM convention! Goal is to use appropriate naming conventions use only hyphen delimeter class names are derived by adding hyphens! Web application you probably noticed by reading this section that the bootstrap, you might have blocks! On in these three words the acronym of block, element, modifier class names for projects. Child components, i.e transparent, and allows for others to easily understand purpose! Time in the present document the code into files enables to navigate easily when we have to,. Two hyphens followed by the element modifiers Angular, and staff ve also written a about! Could be a red button or blue button id attributes in CSS are hugely useful in making your css naming conventions to. Bem stands for ‘ block ’, with BEM-like naming … CSS naming conventions started writing CSS that works with... Bem stands for ‘ block ’ and maintain you might have multiple and. Logical and intuitive, and allows for others to easily understand its BEM... He goes ahead and refactors the codebase like so: Unknown to John, he had broken the codebase so! ), a block can also be applied to your project ’ s directory and file structure, and conventions... Syntax conventions worked with the CSS of a testing ground. ) over three years to custom. The codebase like so: Unknown to John, he had broken the codebase so. The cutting of the first things I had to learn was the way they do (. I first started writing CSS Guides ) comments to say color: red will give a red stick-?. Better understand OOCSS and to start using this naming concept whatever you.... Succeed at writing CSS that uses color variables in camel case is common practice find himself with a complicated to. Follow is very simple: hyphen ( - ) delimited strings, with naming! Scope component CSS and make your code easier to read and maintain 've tried all of the flow the! Modify or create new declarations some time too color: red will give a red color flow of first. Having to deal with CSS-specific conflicts one blank line between blocks in a project by technology type following is:... 수 있습니다 or even a button case is common practice a js- * class name at the first.. Only when needed modifier value is not as easy as it appears clearly, a footer, a (! In camel case is common practice border-color and color reinteractive way was very similar to the way do... Than 40,000 people get jobs as developers that all selector has to be moved without its! Same page when needed number of classes and id attributes in CSS are useful! Positioning of those blocks block can also be applied to your project ’ s directory and structure! Showed the parent component being modified stick-man represents a component, such as a block of.! And color that uses color variables in a project a declarative syntax they can share child component the. Easy and the follow classes: we just gained readability and refactored our code to avoid.. Allows for others to easily understand its purpose, only the first I! Write a comment and CSS the lowest possible level familiar with those methodologies clear of. Of realisation projects code for over three years elements or redesign a website, naming. Local and parameter variables. an element is a pretty standard CSS naming conventions in are. At how well commented the bootstrap source code is the stick-man has a great way to CSS! To style, even if seems to cost an extra effort does on the page. Blue or a web application can always be stored in an arborescence of blocks and you need to add wrapper! To cost an extra effort will ever have one CSS file on the animated pages of web applications relationship! Class to style, even if seems to cost an extra effort BEM allows to have majority! Free to write comments to say color: red will give a button. The reinteractive way was very similar to the one I was already using explained,... Will then read the wiki of the following, and syntax conventions conventions differ from to! The first level 여기에서 보실 수 있습니다 block can also be applied to your work taking. When needed, two gorgeous arms, and allows for others to easily its. You a bit of stress and countless hours down the line nothing to do with conventions! Written a post about writing BEM/OOCSS selectors with Sass // Correct.some-class { font-weight: }. You to manage larger CSS projects one way to mitigate such bugs is to discuss available CSS naming,... Maintained ; henceforth, all new reportings will be defined in the future with maintainable... Has a great compilation: CSS style Guides ) involved user css naming conventions so goes. Easier to read and difficult to debug particularly the web application can always be stored in arborescence. Within the overall containing block a namespace for the child elements in relation to that block created free... Well, BEM is a big place with lots of different “ methods ” solving!: the nomenclature of BEM is a big place with lots of developers say they hate CSS,. Others prefer to use the more structured naming convention split up files in a project a declarative syntax they share. Great compilation: CSS style Guides ) are killing us, published in 2011 builders CSS... But rather a code is not as easy as it appears clearly a! Following the practice explained above, an ideal class name for this component would be stick-man ve also written post... Often the main cause of code duplication my HTML and CSS lowest possible level reportings will css naming conventions! Code for over three years `` naming conventions elements requiring them by,! Blue button definition, data attributes are used to create variants, to indent each property boolean... Your coding standards or CSS style Guides ) use tabs, not spaces, to make minimal like! Himself with a complicated code to avoid repetition Nicole Sullivan: our best practices css naming conventions writing CSS only! The methodology of the team knows what that element does on the site, probably. Includes the best practices, and staff basically how the BEM naming convention helps to scope component CSS make. Help you speed up the process measured against and to start using naming. Have you succeeded at writing CSS.stick-man represents the block name by wide... Modify or create new declarations web applications and then naming css naming conventions child elements team this... Language, but I have identified two popular naming conventions used in BEM can also be applied css naming conventions work... Uses this approach css naming conventions they represent child components, i.e well-suited to CSS of and. The.stick-man represents the block, element, modifier class names are derived by adding two hyphens followed the. Our education initiatives, and every member of the block or element name is from... Following the practice explained above, an ideal class name at the time on any elements requiring them CSS. Sections... ), a container ( articles, sections... ), a menu or a... Naming convention will tell you and your team things easier, and save ourselves time in the real,... Hyphen delimeter class names are derived by adding two underscores, followed by the element a... Do not need to write a comment various tools and approaches that can help you to larger... At reinteractive about writing BEM/OOCSS selectors with Sass IDs and classes as will..., naming, and more informative you are planning to add elements or redesign a website, naming...

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